History of logistics part 4 : Modern times

mars 10, 2010

From the sixteenth century, new impetus of logistics came mainly from France. Some people were responsible to supplie soldiers for any of their necessity before the battle.

The supply became increasingly important, alongside the increase in troop size, the length of steps and duration of campaigns. Taxes were placed in fortified locations along the planned routes. Stores used to accompanied the troops  improving their livelihood but in order hand seriously impeded their mobility.

The « commissioners to food » visited local markets, accompanied by civilian providers, to conclude contracts with civilians for the delivery of food and feed before and during campaigns.

The transportation of supplies and equipment was provided by civilian contractors which formed the rear guard of the army. The first transport units of the army ( « l’équipage des vivres ») was created in 1643. They were able to transport the troops with a range of food and fodder for several days.

The « stewards armies » enjoyed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries with full administrative powers, legal and financial resources, from recruitment to neighborhoods, hospitals rate and food. Their powers were granted inorder to measures to centralize and streamline the administration.

In 1780, the Byzantine interpretation of logistics in Europe is completely confounded with the concept of « strategy ». The merit of making the logistics one of the most important component of the art of war, along with the strategy and tactics, comes to the Swiss General Antoine-Henri Jomini (1779-1869) (responsible for discipline and support troops). His initiative, however, found no echo during the subsequent years

In the U.S., the concept of « logistics » in its military connotations is used for the first time in 80 years of the nineteenth century. She pointed to the mobilization of the public economy as a whole for supporting the armed forces at war. In his groundbreaking book « Pure Logistics. The Science of War Preparation, Admiral George Cyrus Thorpe (1875-1936) considers the logistics as a science and a full component of warfare, which encompasses a large number of activities (such the supply, transportation, engineering, maintenance, medical service, administration and other logistical activities) that must be coordinated with the tactical and strategic intentions.


History of Logistics Part 3 : Middle Age

mars 2, 2010

In Byzantium, the successor in law of the Roman Empire, the official expenditure military (Logothetis) should ensure that the population maintains the army and put him
available to districts in this part of direct charges. A train consisting of servants and slaves accompanied the fighting troops and will assemble tents, fortifications and supplies.

In addition, the Army had troop health well-organized. The garrisons had very important
baths for the soldiers. The continuing threat of war made Byzantium the only place in the Middle Age where people carefully studied the methods of warfare (strategic and tactical) of the organization of the Army, fortifications and technical principles of supply.

In his book entitled « Tactics », written in Greek, Byzantine Emperor Leo VI (886 —
912) site logistics at the forefront of the Arts ( « technai ») of the war, along
the strategy (conduct of the army) and tactical (combat device), armaments and
fortifications, astronomy, Orthodoxy and the health service.

The « logistik techne – art of calculation which resembles a real war statistics. It what used for the articulation and support troops, regularing the duration of campaigns, driven in particular by the support and rest phases of the army.

Logistics was responsible for lead the army and equip it with weapons, parts and equipment war. Moreover, it was to prepare for each phase of the campaign, so
estimate the time and space to appreciate the ground for defensive positions and
fortifications, but also in relation to troop movements and to assess the strength of
enemy resistance.

The movements and the articulation of own armed forces were ordered on that basis.
According to Leon, logistics, based on logic and mathematics, would help the army to be ready in timeswar and fulfill the tasks related to the field of movements and neighborhoods and support the strategy and tactics.

This interpretation of sustainable logistics influenced the subsequent military authors.


History of Logistics part 2: Antiquity

mars 2, 2010

The warlords of the era BC were concerned already has the support of food feed their troops. Canals were dug and water pipes manufactured ;animal skins were strewn throughout the deser to supply the army.

Many indicators allow us to conclude that planning and the provision of
staff (recruitment and hiring of personnel), equipment, infrastructure (machines
war road network information service) and services (support, health service
etc..) were common during the campaigns of Alexander the Great, who had also rudimentary supply chains.

The Romans kept stocks of food in the occupied cities. The legions of autonomy enjoyed important support through provisions for several weeks as well-appointed Roman roads allowed transported with the troops in the country.


History of Logistics Part 1: Introduction

mars 2, 2010

Every war is a business not only military but also economic. This reality will appear later in the context of preparations in anticipation of a war, when will provide support for food and the provision of equipment and transportation. There is no other area of warfare that logistics that allows for such elaborate preparations in peacetime.

This fact considerably strengthens the will to defend and the strength of strength of a nation. Logistics is the condition that must first be satisfied to allow any tactical operation, to use military force at the right time and even achieve strategies to achieve the targets set nationally in terms of security. Logistics provides the means while the strategy and tactics

dictate plans for the deployment and use of these resources for operations military. Logistics is an integral part of military conduct, significant at all levels the armed struggle, that of the individual soldier (sustenance, drink, hygiene, and weapon ammunition) to the operations (interactions between logistics and tactics) passing
by the politico-strategic level.


Chronology of the globalisation

mars 2, 2010


The globalisation

mars 2, 2010